The “compensation” is for what can never be returned. “Professional advancement” of “life” were the categories of the proceedings. After the reunification of Germany, the so-called Wiedergutmachung proceedings were also carried out in the former territory of the GDR. Restitution cases for survivors and their offspring are yet to be concluded and continue to this day. In France, the process has been completely revised since 1997, making it significantly simpler for those affected. Today, the recognition of a victim’s individual suffering is considered a central issue of non-material compensation.