After the victory in June 1940, the Jewish population from Lorraine, Alsace, and Luxemburg were expelled to southern France. Moreover, German citizens from those areas were brought back into the Reich. Some of these had been labelled as “enemy foreigners” by the French government at the beginning of the war and had subsequently been imprisoned in camps, including Gurs. The Nazi newspaper Der Führer emphasised the “inhumane treatment” of people in French custody who were now “rescued by the German SS”. The newspaper had a circulation of over 80,000 copies in Karlsruhe. The editor was the Baden Gauleiter (district leader), Robert Wagner, who would initiate the deportation to Gurs a few months later.