This was one of the first organised expulsions of Jewish Germans from their homeland and was initiated by the Nazi Gauleiter (provincial governors) for those regions. It was not until a year later that systematic deportations from the whole of Germany to the East began. The French authorities carried out transports to the Gurs camp which lay at the foot of the Pyrenees Mountains in today’s department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques. Some of those who were deported there managed to flee, but more than a thousand others died in the next few years due to the camp’s catastrophic living conditions. Between 1942 and 1944, the SS and police organised the deportation of these internees to Auschwitz-Birkenau and Sobibor, where almost all were murdered.
Our exhibition looks back on these crimes and their consequences. Regional history will be viewed in the wider context of Franco-German relations and the developments through Europe. By adopting different perspectives, light is shed on those who were affected, but also on the perpetrators, onlookers and beneficiaries of these crimes in Germany and France. This exhibition also examines how the memory of these crimes has been handled and is handled today.
The exhibition of the House of the Wannsee Conference Memorial and Educational Centre is in cooperation with many partners in Baden-Württemberg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland and France, as well as the German Foreign Ministry.
Many thanks to the dedicated local memorial initiatives and archives!